Individual Therapy for Addiction

Individual Therapy for Addiction

Individual Therapy for Addiction

Treatment for addiction and alcoholism uses many different therapeutic approaches in order to achieve lasting sobriety for any and all people wanting to get sober. The therapies used in the treatment of addiction and alcoholism should cover two of the most important issues for an individual in recovery, post-acute withdrawal syndrome and denial. One of the most common therapies used for addiction is Individual Therapy. Individual therapy for addiction is said to give an individual the best change at staying sober one day at a time. Individual therapy allows a person to discuss, internalize, and develop critical skills that will be required to maintain sobriety for the rest of their life.

Individual therapy for addiction helps the individual work on skills such as:

Avoidance Skills – Individual therapy for addiction helps the addict or alcohol begin to understand what types of people, places and things to avoid as a part of relapse prevention. Avoiding anything that triggers them is vital to them staying sober.

Refusal Skills -Individual therapy for addiction helps the addict or alcoholic begin to develop the ability to say no to any situation that makes them feel uncomfortable. This is because individual therapy helps alcoholics and addicts develop confidence within themselves.

Coping Skills – Individual therapy for addiction helps the addict and alcoholic find new coping skills to stressful situations. Human beings are under constant stress and for newly recovering alcoholics and addicts this can be doubly so. Individual therapy for addiction helps the addict and alcoholic learn how to deal with daily stress without using.

Assertive Skills – Individual therapy for addiction teaches an addict and alcoholic to ask for what they need. Asking for help and making their voice heard is imperative to staying sober. This can be hard for addicts and alcoholics who have little to no self-esteem initially. Individual therapy helps them to find their worth and develop a better sense of self-esteem so they can ask for what they need.

Individual therapy for addiction really helps a person change negative thoughts and behaviors by exploring them and then individual therapy for addiction also helps change the underlying concepts that cause those thoughts and behaviors. For those with a dual diagnosis, for instance, depression as well as substance abuse, individual therapy for addiction may be used in accordance with a medication. Individual therapy is a way for addicts and alcoholics to lay out all their negative stuff and find newer and more positive ways of dealing with everything from the past, present to the future. Individual therapy for addiction works well for addicts and alcoholics because what is done is specific to each individual person and is not a broad therapy that encompasses general aspects. Individual therapy for addiction works on each unique person’s needs and goals so they can accomplish what they truly want more than anything else and that is long term sobriety.

By utilizing the tools given in individual therapy for addiction an addict and alcoholic will be on much better footing to not only recognize their relapse warning signs, move past post-acute withdrawal but also to step out of the fog of denial about their disease.

Sources: http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/counseling-and-addiction-how-therapy-can-help

Contextual Therapy

Contextual Therapy

Contextual Therapy

Contextual therapy is an approach mainly to family therapy but also to individual therapy, that was developed by Boszormenyi-Nagy. Contextual therapy can be used for many different types of mental disorders though such as a dissociative disorder. Contextual therapy integrates individual psychological, interpersonal, existential, systemic, and intergenerational parts of individual and family development.

Contextual therapy is most well-known for its four dimensions of related reality.

The four dimensions of contextual therapy include:

  • Facts. Facts meaning, genetic input, physical health, ethnic-cultural background, socioeconomic status, basic historical facts, events in a person’s life.
  • Individual psychology. This includes what most individual psychotherapies cover.
  • Systemic transactions. This includes what systemic family therapy covers. Such as rules, power, alignments, triangles, feedback and more.
  • Relational ethics. Relational ethics focus on the nature of roles and connectedness of family members, caring, reciprocity, loyalty, legacy, guilt, accountability, and trustworthiness.

Contextual therapy has an aim to induce a dialogue between family members to take responsibility of their actions. Contextual therapy consists of empathic turns towards member after member of the family, in which both acknowledgement and expectation are directed at them. It requires an appreciation of each person’s point of view, even that of the current person being victimized.

The focus and nature of contextual therapy is influenced by the ethical dimension of relationships. One such ethical concept is called multidirectional partiality. This concept focuses on the best interests of each individual, even those not in the room, and relational fairness. For example, contextual therapy cannot take a focus that would be genuinely harmful to any one family member even if it’s helpful to another.

A good example of contextual therapy would be of a family that comes into therapy to help fix their son or daughter’s outburst and defiant behavior. The contextual therapist would first gain basic information such as medical information or clinical information and maybe even a genogram. The contextual therapist would then begin to have each family member explain their side of the story in order to understand the problems in the terms of background, relational context, and motivating factors. The contextual therapist would also get a good idea of the psychological processes such as hidden loyalties, destructive entitlement, scapegoating, real or perceived injustices, and ledger imbalances.

Contextual therapy would then adapt while keeping its basic principles according to what is going on in the family. Contextual therapy allows for many different aspects and approaches to be included in the therapy. Contextual therapy focuses on the emotional healing that can occur within families. Contextual focuses on the individual but still all the family members benefit on an individual basis. Contextual therapy asks families to work on increasing fairness in their relationships. Fairness is based on an understanding of the other person’s side, being responsible and accountable for behaviors and taking action. Contextual therapy gives insight regarding the relationships with family members in order to help and lead to an exploration of actions that can be taken to balance or heal the relationships.